All About Airports
People who want to go to somewhere by airplane will have to come to airports. Depending on the location of the airports, they can be large or small. Generally, large airports are those for people who are going overseas or for those who return from overseas.
Most airports have a security check point, where travellers are cleared on arrival or departure. They have main runways which are made up of a hard surface for planes to take off and land on safely. They have an area called hangars this is where the planes are parked and maintenance and inspections are done.
Many larger ports have a ground control and control tower. The control tower is an area which controls the arrival and departure of planes and all air traffic in the airspace around the airport by communicating with the crew or pilot of a plane. The ground control directs all ground traffic and planes on the actual airport.
Some of the bigger ports have tank farms, this is the fuel and oil depots for the aircraft and vehicle refuelling.
The terminal area, depending on the size of the airport, may consists of the passenger processing area, ticket and security checks, baggage areas, lounges, concourses, rest rooms, restaurants, shops, kiosks, duty free areas, custom and immigration facilities, some have inbuilt or attached hotels, taxi areas, public transportation which includes bus and train stations, parking lots and access roads leading in and out of the airports.
They also transport cargo and freight. These are usually a separate area where cargo can be handled easily. They have lighting for safe arrival and take off of airplanes in fog or bad weather, and emergency facilities. They are usually government owned, these being national, regional and local. They may be leased out to private bodies who run them.
Airports which are solely for helicopters, aircraft which require short take off as well as short landing and sea planes, are called heliports, STOL ports and sea plane bases.
They can be huge and also small, they may contain much infrastructure or the minimum, wherever they are, they are designed for the safe arrival and departure of aircraft.
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